waitFor<T> function Async

Future<T> waitFor<T>(
  1. FutureOr<T> expectation(
    1. {Node container,
    2. Duration timeout,
    3. Duration interval = const Duration(milliseconds: 50),
    4. QueryTimeoutFn onTimeout,
    5. MutationObserverOptions mutationObserverOptions = defaultMutationObserverOptions}

    Calls the provided expectation on a given interval and/or when the container DOM changes, completing only if it does not throw, or by throwing if the timeout expires before the expectation succeeds.

    Similar to testing-library.com/docs/dom-testing-library/api-async/#waitfor, but designed to work with the dart:test package's expect function and Dart Futures instead of JS Promises.

    • If you're waiting for an element to exist in the DOM, use a findBy* query instead.
    • If you're waiting for an element to be removed from the DOM, use waitForElementToBeRemoved instead.



    The DOM node to attach the MutationObserver to.

    Defaults to document.body.


    How long to wait for the node to appear in the DOM before throwing a TestFailure, defaulting to 1000ms.


    How often the callback is called, defaulting to 50ms.


    Is called if the timeout duration passes before the node is found in the DOM, and can be used to customize a TestFailure message.


    The default values are:

    {subtree: true, childList: true, attributes: true, characterData: true}

    which will detect additions and removals of child elements (including text nodes) in the container and any of its descendants. It will also detect attribute changes. When any of those changes occur, it will re-run the callback.


    Future<T> waitFor<T>(
      FutureOr<T> Function() expectation, {
      Node container,
      Duration timeout,
      Duration interval = const Duration(milliseconds: 50),
      QueryTimeoutFn onTimeout,
      MutationObserverOptions mutationObserverOptions = defaultMutationObserverOptions,
    }) async {
      final config = getConfig();
      container ??= document.body;
      timeout ??= Duration(milliseconds: config.asyncUtilTimeout);
      onTimeout ??= (error) => error;
      /*Error*/ dynamic lastError;
      MutationObserver observer;
      Timer intervalTimer;
      Timer overallTimeoutTimer;
      var isPending = false;
      final doneCompleter = Completer<T>();
      void onDone(Object error, T result) {
        if (doneCompleter.isCompleted) return;
        if (error != null) {
        } else if (result is TestFailure) {
        } else {
      void handleTimeout() {
        /*Error*/ dynamic error;
        if (lastError != null) {
          error = lastError;
        } else {
          error = TimeoutException('Timed out in waitFor after ${timeout.inMilliseconds}ms.');
        onDone(onTimeout(error), null);
      void checkCallback() {
        if (isPending) return;
        try {
          final result = expectation();
          if (result is Future) {
            isPending = true;
            (result as Future)
                .then((resolvedValue) => onDone(null, resolvedValue as T), onError: (e) => lastError = e)
                .whenComplete(() => isPending = false);
          } else {
            onDone(null, result as T);
          // If `callback` throws, wait for the next mutation, interval, or timeout.
        } catch (error) {
          // Save the most recent callback error to reject the promise with it in the event of a timeout
          lastError = error;
      overallTimeoutTimer = Timer(timeout, handleTimeout);
      intervalTimer = Timer.periodic(interval, (_) => checkCallback());
      observer = MutationObserver((_, __) => checkCallback())
          childList: mutationObserverOptions.childList,
          attributes: mutationObserverOptions.attributes,
          characterData: mutationObserverOptions.characterData,
          subtree: mutationObserverOptions.subtree,
          attributeFilter: mutationObserverOptions.attributeFilter,
      return doneCompleter.future;